Sleep problems affect more and more people. Everyday difficulties with falling asleep, waking up at night, as well as feeling tired after waking up – these are ailments that not only older people are struggling with more and more. It is estimated that currently sleep problems affect every fourth person in the world.
As a professional counseling center for the treatment of sleep disorders, we are able to offer patients not only cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is the primary form of treatment of primary insomnia, but also treatment with pharmacological agents. In this type of therapy, which is an effective way to insomnia, it is possible to use the following groups of medicines:
- sleeping pills,
- sedative from the group of benzodiazepine derivatives,
- antipsychotic and antihistamine,
- preparations available without a prescription.
Hypnotics and benzodiazepines
The only agents registered in New Zealand for the pharmacological treatment of insomnia are hypnotics and benzodiazepine derivatives. We include zopiclone, zolpidem and zaleplon – these sleep medicines can be used temporarily both in the treatment of accidental and short-term insomnia caused by such factors as stress, change of life, etc.
Benzodiazepine derivatives, in addition to being able to be used as an effective insomnia medicine, also have anticonvulsant and anxiolytic effects. These measures reduce muscle tension, impair memory and cognitive functions, interfere with movement coordination and balance, and inhibit the respiratory center. They are not recommended especially for patients over sixty-five years of age, due to the increased risk of falling and memory impairment. Insomnia drugs of this type should not be taken by people addicted to alcohol.
Tablets for sleep without a prescription
When stress has a big impact on our everyday functioning, and problems with falling asleep can be felt, then the pill can be used with help without a prescription. This type of insomnia medicine will work especially for people:
- working shifts,
- having a dysregulated circadian rhythm,
- unable to switch to a new time zone,
- and all those who feel drowsiness, weakness and irritability during the day.
Good sleep pills without a prescription are primarily characterized by a natural composition and a high degree of safety compared to sleep medication prescribed by prescription doctors, which can be addictive, cause problems with concentration and a number of other ailments.
Among the popular over-the-counter sleep pills on the market, you can distinguish such preparations as:
Nervomix Forte, a herbal product with a calming effect, making it easier to fall asleep. The active substances found in it effectively relieve emotional states and help you fall asleep.
Extraspasmina, a plant insomnia medicine intended for use as a traditional hypnotic agent and in mild states of nervous tension,
Zdrowosen Melatonin, a dietary supplement containing melatonin, helping in the process of falling asleep,
Benosen, a preparation based on extract from hops and l-theanine, indicated for people who have sleep problems and often wake up at night.
Of course, it should be remembered that, like all medicines for sleep, non-prescription pills can also cause side effects. If we tried different ways for insomnia and all of them failed, it’s worth to look as good as possible on the agent that will work on us, without causing confusion or other unpleasant symptoms.
Are hypnotics and sedatives safe?
When we wonder what insomnia may be the most effective solution, the most common are sleeping pills. Currently, in the treatment of insomnia, many preparations are included in the group of hypnotics and sedatives, of which not all are characterized by the same safety and efficacy. Currently less and less frequently used are such drugs for sleep, as barbiturates, which are distinguished by quite high toxicity and many side effects. Long-term insomnia treatment with this type of drugs leads to addiction and the development of tolerance to them. After discontinuation of medication for sleep, including those available without a prescription, a patient may develop a withdrawal syndrome, manifested by neurological and psychiatric ailments (convulsive seizures, hallucinations, medication, etc.) and, of course, worsening of trouble with sleep.
Reflecting on how to fight insomnia, it is also worth paying attention to cyclopyrils, which are characterized by a much greater safety of use compared to barbiturates. These types of sleep medication, which are often available without a prescription, are difficult to overdose and do not cause so many side effects.
Herbal preparations – a homemade way for insomnia
Looking for the answer to the question what to use for insomnia, it is worth paying attention to herbal products. Some plants contain in their composition compounds that have a mild sedative effect and help in falling asleep, which is why they are recommended as well-tried ways to sleep. Herbal specifics, thanks to natural formulas, can be a great alternative to pharmacological medicines for sleep. During periods of special tension and short-term difficulty falling asleep, you can reach for preparations that include extracts from such plants as:
- hop and bitterness,
- lemon balm and mint,
Sleep disorder is a condition which treatment is possible not only through herbal medication for sleep without prescription or infusions, but also baths. In this respect, a bath made of lemon balm leaves has a particularly good effect, which is enough to pour water, bring it to a boil and after pouring it pour into the bathtub.
Wondering how to treat insomnia, you can also prepare a hop pillow yourself: for cotton pillowcase just insert the dried hop cones, and then sew or tie. A volatile substance that helps you fall asleep on average for 6-7 days. After this time, it’s best to replace the cartridge.
How to ensure a healthy, restful sleep?
There are various pharmacological methods for insomnia, but before we reach for a specific drug for sleep without a prescription, it is worth looking for a reason that can affect sleep problems. Perhaps the problems with falling asleep result from the way we live, and then the treatment of sleep disorders with the means offered by modern pharmacology will not be necessary.
Proven insomnia for healthy sleep:
- resignation from caffeine, alcohol and drugs for 4-6 hours before bedtime,
- avoiding heavy and greasy meals,
- daily gymnastics or walks,
- the right temperature in the bedroom and proper air humidification,
- resignation from exhausting physical and mental work just before bedtime.